The Army Combat Uniform (ACU) and its flame-retardant variant, the Flame-Resistant Army Combat Uniform (FRACU), are the current battle uniforms worn by the United States Army. Official military-grade ACUs are made of 50% nylon and 50% cotton. Near Infrared (NIR) Signature Management Technology is incorporated to minimize the infrared silhouette. Permanent IR IFF squares are sewn to each shoulder to help identify friendly personnel when night vision devices are used, and are protected by Velcro tabs in garrison or when not in use.
The jacket’s Mandarin collar is worn up in combat to fit with the Improved Outer Tactical Vest (IOTV) body armor, and worn in the down position otherwise. The front closure is zippered and reinforced with velcro, designed for use with OTV. The tilted chest pockets, cuffs, and elbow pad insert pockets also utilize hook-and-loop closure. There is a three slot pen pocket on the left arm of the jacket, and blouse bellows for increased mobility.
The ACU trouser (or ACU pant) is worn with a two-inch nylon web belt, and features Velcro pouches for knee pad inserts, two forward-tilted thigh storage pockets with elastic drawstring and Velcro for closure during movement, and two calf storage pockets one on each pant leg with a Velcro closure.
The uniform also includes tactical gloves, knee and elbow pads and combat boots.
Soldiers wear the flame-resistant (FR) Army Combat Shirt (ACS) under their body armor instead of the FR Army Combat Uniform or the Army Aircrew Combat Uniform jacket and standard-issue T-shirt. This reduces bulk for Soldiers operating in extreme climates.
The shirt torso features a highly breathable, moisture wicking blend of cotton, rayon, polyester and spandex. The ACS increases moisture vapor transmission, heat stress relief and comfort when worn with the Improved Outer Tactical Vest (IOTV) or Soldier Plate Carrier System (SPCS). The FR sleeves are constructed of camouflage printed material. The ACS features integrated anti-abrasion elbow pads, shoulder pockets, infrared identification tags, flat-seam shoulders and side panels for comfort, and hook-and-loop fasteners for the name, rank, unit patch and American flag. The ACS is machine washable and maintains its flame resistance for the life of the garment. The Type II ACS is constructed to provide FR protection over a greater area of coverage when worn with the SPCS.
The Army Combat Pant (ACP) is a flame resistant pant designed for use in rugged combat environments. These pants feature a ruggedized, anti-abrasion coated seat panel, stronger twill fabric in the body of the pants, and stretch fabric at key stress points. The ACP has integrated, removable hard-shell knee pads with both horizontal and vertical points of adjustment built into the pants. The body of the ACP is made of fabric which is a blend of flame resistant rayon, para-aramid and nylon.
The combat uniform comes in either a camouflage pattern or black, and provides a +1 bonus to Stealth checks in the appropriate environment.
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